In the new assessment pattern, while the overall marks and duration of the examination remain unchanged, a greater number of competency-based questions to assess the application of concepts in real-life situations will be included. “At a time when home-schooling and online education has become relevant, the traditional method of assessment will become redundant, which if continued further can be misinterpreted by both teachers as well as students,” says Biswajit Saha, director, Training and Skill Development, CBSE.
For classes IX and X, the percentage of competency-based questions has been increased from 20 to 30, which will be in the form of multiple-choice questions, case-based questions, course-based integrated questions or any other types. Objective type questions will constitute 20% of the question paper, same as last academic and the remaining 50% will be short and long answer type questions.
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For classes XI and XII, the competency-based questions will be 20%, same as last academic; the objective-type questions have been increased from 10% to 20% and the short answer and long answer type will now be reduced from 70% to 60%.
This step of CBSE is in line with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 which advocates the need to move from rote to competency-based learning making it more focused on developing the creative and critical thinking capacities of students.
“The Board will soon transform the focus from ‘assessment of learning to assessment for learning’. The assessment will shift from testing primarily rote memorisation skills to one that tests students’ higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity,” says Saha. The change, he says, will happen gradually as the teachers and students get adjusted to the new pattern comfortably.
The board, meanwhile, is yet to decide on the evaluation and assessment pattern for class X board exams 2021, which were cancelled due to the pandemic. Also, the Board will decide on the dates for class XII board exams would be taken after review in the first week of June.