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Current Affairs: 30 September 2019

AP govt revokes bauxite mining lease in Visakhapatnam district

The government of Andhra Pradesh has revoked bauxite mining in a total of 1521.078 hectares of forest land in the agency area of Visakhapatnam district. The state government has issued six Government Orders (GOs) revoking the permissions sanctioned in 2007 in connection with mining of bauxite. These GOs revoke mining of bauxite in Ananthagiri, Raktakonda, Chintapalli, Araku, Galikonda, and Jarrela villages in the agency area of Visakhapatnam district.

In 2007, Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) was granted a lease for mining of Bauxite for a period of 30 years. The two year period for starting the work ended in January 2017 and the terms of agreement could not fructify on account of the impossibility of performance due to recurring acts of violence in the area because of opposition to the prospect of mining in tribal areas.

Kovind awards President’s Colours to Corps of Army Air Defence


The President’s Colours was received by the Army Air Defence Centre on behalf of the Corps of Army Air Defence at Gopalpur Military Station. The President’s Colours is the highest honour bestowed upon a regiment in recognition of their contribution to the security of the nation.

Since Independence, the Corps of Army Air Defence has been bestowed with several gallantry honours including two Ashoka Chakras. During the 1971 Indo-Pak War four units of the Corps were decorated with Honour Titles for their distinguished performance and steadfastness in battle.

48% above normal, Sept rain set to be highest in 102 years


Vigorous and relentless monsoon rain has put this month on course to be the wettest September India has seen in 102 years and lifted the June-September season’s rain to 9% above normal, barely a percentage point short of excess monsoon rainfall.

With a day left in the month, all-India average rainfall in September stands at 247.1mm – 48% above normal and the third highest in India Meteorological Department’s records since 1901. By Monday, the month’s rainfall is likely to go past 1983’s figure (255.8mm), as red alerts for very heavy rain have been issued for Gujarat and Bihar. If that happens, this will be the wettest September in India in over a century, behind only 1917 (285.6mm), when the highest rainfall for the month since 1901 was recorded.

CBI can act against ex-HC top judge: CJI


Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi has told CBI to “take further action in accordance with law” on an Intelligence Bureau report red-flagging former Madras high court Chief Justice V K Tahilramani’s alleged irregularities in purchase of two flats in Chennai, the decision to dissolve a special HC bench dealing with idol theft cases involving influential people and her alleged close links with a Tamil Nadu minister.

The IB had submitted a five-page report after Justice Tahilramani resigned following the CJI-led collegium on September 3 reiterating its decision to transfer her as chief justice of Meghalaya HC. The collegium had decided on August 28 to transfer her to Meghalaya HC as CJ “for better administration of justice”. On September 2, Justice Tahilramani had requested the collegium to reconsider its decision. But the collegium stuck to its decision to transfer her while recording that “it is not possible to accede to her request”. She tendered her resignation on September 6.

Second Kalvari-class Submarine INS ‘Khanderi’ joins Indian Navy


India’s second Kalvari-class Submarine INS ‘Khanderi’ was commissioned into the Indian Navy in a ceremony held at the Mazagon Docks in Mumbai. Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, who was present during the event, commissioned the submarine into the Indian Navy. INS Kalvari was the first of the six Scorpene-class submarines built under Project 75. The Kalvari submarine was commissioned on December 14, 2017.

Khanderi is the second of the Navy’s six Kalvari-class submarines built in India. It is a diesel-electric attack submarine which is designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS which is being manufactured at Mazagon Dock in Mumbai. The name Khanderi is inspired by the dreaded ‘Sword Tooth Fish,’ a deadly fish known to hunt whilst swimming close to the bottom of the ocean. Khanderi is also the name of an island fort constructed by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Nepal launches commemorative coins to mark 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev


Nepal has launched three commemorative coins to mark the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, who is said to have visited Balaju area in the outskirt of Kathmandu five hundred years ago.

The coins with the denominations of 100, 1000 and 2500 Nepalese rupees were jointly launched on Friday by Governor of Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) Chiranjivi Nepal and Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri. The Nanak Math of Balaju, Kathmandu where, Guru Nanak is believed to have visited five hundred years ago, has also preserved centuries old handwritten Sikh manuscript.

The city of Nankana Sahib is capital of Nankana Sahib district in Pakistan’s Punjab province. It is named after the first Guru of Sikhs, Guru Nanak, who was born in the city and first began preaching there.

Spain gets its first women-only hotel in Mallorca

The first women-only hotel in Spain has opened in Mallorca. Som Dona Hotel, near Porto Cristo, exclusively caters for women aged 14 years and above. With 39 rooms, a pool, spa, library and a roof-top terrace, the four star establishment aims to offer “a new space for women who are looking to disconnect from the stress of daily life”. The wellness services on offer, such as massages, treatments, a whirlpool tub and solarium, are a major focus for the hotel, along with locally sourced food, “flexitarian gastronomy” and healthy and sustainable cuisine. According to the website, guests can also participate in excursions around the island and cultural activities. Som Dona claims to welcome women of all sexual orientations, solo travellers, couples, mothers and daughters and larger groups.

Why babies born by C-sec are likely to have weak immunity


Babies delivered by caesarean section have different gut bacteria to those born vaginally, according to a study that could help to explain why some children have weaker immune systems. The research found infants born vaginally pick up most of their initial doses of bacteria, or microbiome, from their mothers, whereas C-section babies instead picked microbes associated with hospital environments.

The scientists who carried out the study, which is the largest to date into neonatal bacteria, said the point of birth may be a “thermostat moment which sets the immune system for future life”. The gut microbiome contains millions of microbes which are thought to be important for the development of the immune system. Lack of exposure to the right bacteria in early childhood has been implicated in autoimmune diseases such as asthma, allergies and diabetes.

Afghanistan poll draws lowest turnout since 2004


Afghanistan’s presidential election drew the lowest turnout since the nation first held a democratic vote in 2004, with an independent watchdog blaming Taliban violence and concerns about fraud for demoralising voters. About 9.6 million Afghans in the war-torn nation – with an estimated population of 35 million – had registered to vote in the election, which was held at 4,905 polling centres.

A tally released by the Independent Election Commissions, showed that with data collected from 3,736 polling centres, just over 2.19 million voters had been counted. If that turnout trend holds, it would represent a participation level of about 25% – lower than any of Afghanistan’s three previous presidential elections in 2004, 2009 and 2014. All votes in previous polls were marred by allegations of ballot-stuffing and deadly violence. “Turnout appears to have been dampened not just by Taliban threats, but also voter disinterest,” wrote Thomas Ruttig and Jelena Bjelica of the Afghanistan Analysts Network. In the 2014 election, more than 7 million people cast a ballot, two-thirds of those registered. In 2004, three years after the US invasion that ousted the Taliban, saw turnout reach 75%, with 9 million people casting ballots, a record that still stands.

Momota wins Korea Open


Top-ranked Kento Momota of Japan clinched the men’s singles title at the Korea Open badminton tournament on Sunday with a win over number two Chou Tien-chen of Taiwan. The 25-year-old downed Chou 21-19, 21-17 in a final that lasted 53 minutes. In the women’s final, China’s He Bingjiao defeated Ratchanok Intanon of Thailand 18-21, 24-22, 21-17.

India U-18 claim maiden SAFF title


The Indian football team lifted the SAFF U-18 Championship for the first time when they defeated Bangladesh 2-1 in the title clash here on Sunday. India surged ahead as early as the 2nd minute when Vikram Partap Singh sped past his marker and banged it in. The match-winner came in injury time when the nippy Ravi Bahadur Rana scored off a screamer from about 30 yards. Yeasin Arafat reduced the margin for Bangladesh in the 40th minute.

Christian Coleman win 100m race at World ChampionshipsChristian Coleman hit back at US sprinting legend Michael Johnson after powering to a brilliant 100m victory at the World Championships. Coleman blew away his rivals to take the first major outdoor title of his career, clocking a world-leading personal best of 9.76 sec.

The win cemented Coleman’s status as the man to beat at next year’s Tokyo Olympics, and elevated the 23-year-old American to the head of a pack of sprinters aiming to be the new face of athletics in the post-Usain Bolt era. In the eyes of Johnson, however, Coleman has already forfeited the right to be the figurehead of track and field after the missed drugs test controversy that marred his build-up to the games.

– with inputs from agencies

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